KEJADIAN BERAT BADAN LAHIR RENDAH DI DESA TINELO KABUPATEN GORONTALO DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHINYA

Nuryani Nuryani, Rahmawati Rahmawati

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to assess the association of maternal age, education level and family income with low birth weight (LBW). The study was an observational study with cross sectional design. The number of subject were 60 children under five years old obtained by accidental sampling. The results showed that 18.3% of mothers gave birth at high risk age (≤19 years old and ≥35 years old), 43.3% mothers had education level of senior high school, 96.7% mothers were housewives, 54.2% father’s occupation was self-employed, 71.7% of family income per month was under minimum regional wage. 16.7% of infants with LBW. The bivariate analysis showed that the incidence of low birth weight was not associated with maternal age (p=0.371), there was no correlation between the incidence of low birth weight with family income per month (p=0.709) and there was correlation between low birth weight with mother education level (p=0.017). It can be concluded that maternal age and family income per month was not associated with LBW, while education level was associated with LBW.

Keywords: education, income, low birth weight, maternal age


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan menilai hubungan usia ibu melahirkan, pendidikan dan pendapatan dengan kejadian berat badan lahir rendah (BBLR). Jenis penelitian adalah observasional dengan rancangan studi potong lintas. Jumlah subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah 60 balita diperoleh dengan cara accidental sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 18,3% ibu melahirkan pada usia berisiko (≤19 tahun dan ≥35 tahun), 43,3% tingkat pendidikan ibu balita adalah Sekolah Menengah Pertama, 96,7% merupakan ibu rumah tangga, 54,2% pekerjaan ayah sebagai wiraswasta, 71,7% pendapatan keluarga per bulan dibawah upah minimum regional. Jumlah balita BBLR 16,7%. Analisis bivariat menunjukkan kejadian BBLR tidak berhubungan dengan umur ibu melahirkan (p=0,371), tidak terdapat hubungan antara kejadian BBLR dengan pendapatan per bulan (p=0,709), terdapat hubungan antara BBLR dengan tingkat pendidikan ibu (p=0,017). Kesimpulan tidak ditemukan hubungan usia ibu hamil dan pendapatan keluarga per bulan dengan BBLR, sementara tingkat pendidikan berhubungan dengan kejadian BBLR.

Kata kunci: BBLR, pendapatan, pendidikan, umur ibu


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25182/jgp.2017.12.1.49-54

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